Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which a person’s blood sugar (glucose) levels become too high. In order to lower blood sugar levels, people with the condition are advised to eat less sugar and other unhealthy foods. As well as obviously sugary foods like sweets, fizzy drinks and chocolate, this also includes certain carbohydrates. This is because carbohydrates break down inside the body to create glucose, and can therefore cause blood sugar to rise.
White bread is one type of carb which can cause high blood sugar, but this doesn’t mean people with diabetes have to cut down on all types of bread from their diet.
In fact, wholegrain bread could actually be beneficial for people with diabetes.
According to dietitian Juliette Kellow, one review of 16 studies found eating three daily servings of wholegrains reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 32 per cent.
Diabetes UK suggests this is because wholegrain foods have a lower glycaemic index than refined carbohydrate foods, such as white bread.
The glycaemic index measures the ability of carbohydrates to increase the level of sugar in the blood. The higher the GI, the quicker a food will raise blood sugar levels.
“If you do have diabetes, wholegrain foods are usually better for managing blood glucose levels because they tend to have a lower glycaemic index. This means they do not affect blood glucose levels as quickly as refined carbohydrate foods,” said Diabetes UK.
The diabetes expert warns, however, to be mindful of portion sizes as all carbohydrate foods will still affect blood glucose levels in some way.
According to Kellow, wholegrains can contain up to 75 per cent more nutrients than refined grains.
This is because wholegrain foods – as the name suggests – contain all parts of the grain, but when grains are refined, the outer bran layer and germ are stripped away, losing many nutrients and much of their fibre.
Wholegrain bread is a great source of insoluble fibre, which can also help to control blood sugar.
Insoluble fibre is a complex carbohydrate which, unlike other carbs, cannot be digested by the human body.
As it passes through the digestive system it provides bulk to stools, making them easier to pass.
“Increasing the amount of fibre in your diet can help you manage your diabetes,” said Diabetes UK.
One slice of wholegrain bread provides the same fibre content as two-and-a-half slices of white bread, notes Kellow.
“Switching from refined grains to wholegrains is a simple but powerful step to better health and a longer life,” said the dietitian.
Kellow also advised studies have shown people who eat more wholegrain foods have a lower body max index, less body fat and are less likely to gain weight over time.
This is especially important for people with diabetes, as being overweight increases the risk of health complications.
Diabetes: Four common symptoms
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.
There are two main types – type 1, when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing cells, and type 2, when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
Type 2 is more common that type 1, with 90 per cent of all diabetics in the UK having type 2.
Going to the toilet a lot more than usual, especially at night, is a common sign of diabetes.
Urinating frequently is also a sign of other medical issues, such as prostate problems, so be sure to visit your GP to have diabetes confirmed.
Excessive thirst, otherwise known as polydipsia, is a classic sign of diabetes. It is linked to frequent urination.
As excess glucose builds up in the blood, the kidneys are forced to work extra hard to filter and absorb the excess sugar, and if they can’t keep up, the excess sugar is excreted in to urine, taking along fluids from body tissue.
This triggers more urination, which may leave diabetics dehydrated.
High levels of blood sugar can cause the lens inside the eye to swell, which can result in blurred eyesight.
Very low blood sugar levels can also cause blurred vision.
If you aren’t trying to lose weight, and you notice a loss of muscle bulk or the numbers on the scales drop, this could be a sign of diabetes.
This happens because insufficient insulin prevents the body from getting glucose from the blood to the cells to use as energy.
The body will then start burning fat and muscle for energy, causing weight loss.
Read more here: Daily Express :: Health Feedhappy wheels
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